Planning for Higher Education Journal

Reconstructing the First Year of College

Journal Cover
From Volume 25 Number 1 | Fall 1996
By Vincent Tinto

Reviews the scope and common causes of student attrition, highlighting seven major reasons for withdrawal: academic difficulty, adjustment problems, goal development or orientation, weak or external commitments, financial challenges, lack of congruence between the student and the institution, or isolation. Institutions have developed an array of retention programs in response. One such response, the development of learning communities, is explored in depth.

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