Results indicate that, when adjusted for inflation, instructional expenditures at U.S. public institutions increased from 2004–2015; however, evidence suggests that the rise was more modest and less consistent than may be known.
Reporting metrics did not become a substitute for stakeholder-based decisions. The state of facilities was consistently communicated to building superintendents, the board of trustees, students, faculty, staff, and college presidents.
Real-life experience through community service-learning assisted teacher candidates in developing specific skills, knowledge, and the cultural competency to meet the needs of diverse students in elementary and secondary classrooms.
As students progress from freshmen to seniors, campus experiences within the built environment—and the outdoor spaces between buildings—transform from everyday spaces into places that are meaningful and memorable.