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|1.||Duke University's library has new study space|
|2.||Professionals have vivid memories of the uninviting study spaces of yesterday|
|3.||more attractive collaborative study spaces have been appearing on campuses|
|4.||officials include open public areas designed for collaboration on each side of the building's classroom level, as well as a learning resource center with several open areas plus an enclosed tech-equipped room for group study|
|5.||space dedicate to group study|
|6.||study spaces can be open or closed|
|7.||study space planning is challenge|
|8.||Steelcase did full research project with recorded observations and interviews in study area concepts at the existing library as part of planning for a new building|
|9.||business case for creating collaborative study areas revolves around recruitment and retention|
|10.||study areas connected to classrooms|
"One group may go out into the hallway or public space," says Vredevoogd. Pulling people out of the formal learning space provides a chance to connect and share ideas. That's why, when planning for a new facility that opened in 2010, officials were sure to include open public areas designed for collaboration on each side of the building's classroom level, as well as a learning resource center with several open areas plus an enclosed tech-equipped room for group study, he shares. "By creating informal learning and 'casual tasking' spaces, universities can attract and engage students, encourage student-faculty collaboration, and keep students on campus," says John Michael, a vice president and general manager for Business Interiors by Staples. According to Herman Miller, research on hub zones-which Vredevoogd says refers to places where people can meet, greet, eat, refresh, or work, and tend to allow for collaborative work for up to 10 people-shows administrators are commonly allocating at least 20 percent of a facility to them, with student centers and libraries having up to 40 percent of space for them. For a renovation and expansion of Miller Nichols Library at the University of Missouri-Kansas City, finding room for a mix of new open and enclosed group study areas was easy once an addition with an automated storage and retrieval system was built.
With 10 classrooms and seminar rooms, 11 group study rooms, and numerous informal spaces, The Link opened in 2008 and was designed by Shepley Bullfinch with input from student groups, faculty, and staff. A Sasaki project with a public university system illustrates another challenge related to space planning: the perceived inefficiency of collaborative spaces. The accounting lab, with five collaborative work stations all in one large room, was more space- and cost-effective from a construction perspective than building four individual rooms for the marketing lab. "It's really fun to watch how students create their own learning environment," says Carpenter. Observing and learning from how students are using a space is also important. Steelcase did a full research project with recorded observations and interviews in study area concepts at the existing library as part of planning for a new building set for 2013 completion.